District Profile

Major Farming Systems / Enterprises (based on the analysis made by the KVK)

Farming System / Enterprise

Agricultural Crops :
Irrigated : Wheat, paddy, sugarcane, menthe, pulses and mustard.
Rainfed : Urd bean, Pigeon pea, Gram, Til.

Fruit Crops : Mango, Guava, Banana, Papaya.

Vegetable Crops : Potato, Vegetable pea, Brinjal, Tomato.

Floriculture : Marigold, Gladiolus.

Animal Husbandry : Cow, buffalo, sheep, goat and pigs.


Agro-Climatic / Ecological Zone

Agro-Ecological Sub Region(ICAR) : Central Plain Zone

Agro-Climatic Zone (Planning Commission) : Upper Gangetic Plain Region

Agro-Climatic Zone (NARP) : UP-4 Central Plain Zone


Geographical Coordinates of District Headquarter

Longitude Latitude Altitude (m)
27.38 N 80.45 E 100-150 MSL

Land use pattern of the District (000 ha)

Geographical Area Cultivable Area Forest Area Land Under Non Agril. Use Permane-nt Pastures Cultivable Waste Land Land Under Misc. Tree Crops and Groves Barren and Uncultivable Land Current Fallows Others Fallows
573.9 496.2 5.8 66.1 0.7 6.2 4.7 5.2 37.5 11.8

Soils

Major Soils Area(‘000 ha.) Percent(%) of Total
Deep, fine soils moderately saline and sodic associated 188.6 38 %
Deep, loamy soils and slightly eroded 143.9 29%
Deep, silty soils associated with loamy soils 114.1 23 %

Soil Map

Alluvial Plain (0-1% slope)

  1. Deep, loamy soils and slightly eroded.
  2. Deep, loamy soils and slightly eroded associated with silty soils.
  3. Deep, fine soils moderately saline and sodic associated with loamy soils, slightly eroded.
  4. Deep, fine soils and slightly eroded associated with loamy soils slightly saline and moderately sodic.
  5. Deep, fine soils and slightly eroded associated with loamy soils.
  6. Deep, silty soils associated with loamy soils slightly eroded.
  7. Deep, silty soils with moderate salinity/sodicity associated with loamy soils slightly eroded.
  8. Deep, loamy soils and slightly eroded associated with silty soils slightly saline/sodic and moderately sodic.
  9. Deep, silty soils and slightly eroded associated with fine soils.

Old Alluvial plain with river left out channels/Oxbows/point bars (1-3%slope)

Deep, loamy soils and slightly eroded associated with stratified loamy soils slightly eroded.

Recent Alluvial Plain (1-3% slope)

Deep, loamy soils with moderate water logging and slight salinity associated with fine soils, slightly water logging.

Deep, silty soils and slight flooding associated with loamy soils and slight flooding.

Deep, loamy soils slightly eroded associated with sandy soils with slight flooding.

Deep, silty soils, moderately saline and sodic associated with loam soils and slightly eroded.

Active Flood Plain (1-3% slope)

Deep, sandy soils with moderate flooding associated with stratified loamy soils and slight flooding.

Deep, stratified loamy soils, with moderate flooding associated with sandy soils with moderate flooding.

Deep, stratified loamy soils, with severe flooding associated with loamy soils with moderate flooding.

Very gently sloping uplands with hummocks (1-3%slope)

Deep, fine soils, slightly eroded associated with fine smectitic soils and slightly eroded.


Agricultural Land Use

S.N. Agricultural Land Use Area(‘000 ha.) Cropping Intensity (%)
1 Net sown area 436.0 1 33.63%
2 Area sown more than once 227.1
3 Gross cropped area 663.1

Irrigation

S.N. Irrigation Area(‘000 ha.)
1 Net irrigation area 384.2
2 Gross irrigated area 568.2
3 Rain fed area 51.8

Area, Production and Productivity of major crops cultivated in the district

S.N. Crop Area (ha) Production (Qtl) Productivity (Qtl /ha)
1 Wheat 214573 6780380 31.60
2 Paddy 162233 3603430 22.21
3 Sugarcane 126320 71374190 565.0
4 Sesame 9770 23740 2.43
5 Lentil 20583 162400 7.89
6 Mustard 18581 15720 7.43
7 Pigeon Pea 4077 40540 9.94
8 Ground Nut 2703 23190 8.58
9 Potato 3804 1101730 289.62
10 Urd Bean 10638 65610 6.17
11 Maize 12938 94730 7.32
12 Barley 740 17110 23.12
13 Jwar 4337 38310 8.83
14 Bajra 2238 21140 9.45
15 Gram 918 9900 10.78
16 Pea 2018 25580 12.67
17 Mentha 68785

Weather Data - (April 14 - March, 15)

Month Rainfall (mm) Temperature C Relative Humidity (%)
April 14 10.8 Maximum : 41.4oC
Minimum : 13.7oC
Maximum : 72
Minimum : 9
May 14 7.6 Maximum : 44.3oC
Minimum : 20.0oC
Maximum : 80
Minimum : 10
June 14 88.4 Maximum : 45.3oC
Minimum : 22.0oC
Maximum : 95
Minimum : 15
July 14 353.6 Maximum : 39.9oC
Minimum : 22.0oC
Maximum : 98
Minimum : 40
August 14 34.0 Maximum : 38.1oC
Minimum : 21.3oC
Maximum : 100
Minimum : 48
September 14 188.2 Maximum : 35.8oC
Minimum : 21.0oC
Maximum : 100
Minimum : 42
October 14 17.25 Maximum : 35.5 oC
Minimum : 17.0 oC
Maximum : 92
Minimum : 41
November 14 0.00 Maximum : 30.8 oC
Minimum : 5.9 oC
Maximum : 93
Minimum : 25
December 14 0.00 Maximum : 27.5 oC
Minimum : 3.7 oC
Maximum : 100
Minimum : 10
January 15 33.8 Maximum : 23.1 oC
Minimum : 3.6 oC
Maximum : 100
Minimum : 47
February 15 0.00 Maximum : 30.8 oC
Minimum : 4.7 oC
Maximum : 100
Minimum : 25
March 15 85.0 Maximum : 36.6 oC
Minimum : 10.2 oC
Maximum : 100
Minimum : 29

Production and Productivity of livestock, Poultry, Fisheries etc. in the district

Category Population Production Productivity
Cattle
Crossbred 20197
Indigenous 587364
Buffalo 509104
Sheep 5364
Indigenous 5364
Goats 507151
Pigs
Crossbred 1288
Indigenous 44807
Poultry
Hens 300615
Desi 75841
Improved 157319
Fish 18.81 100.00 5.11

Production and Productivity of livestock, Poultry, Fisheries etc. in the district

Name of the Block Name of the Village Major Crops & Enterprises Major Problem Identified Identified Thrust Areas
Sidhauli, Pehla, Godlamau, Rampur Mathura, Kasmanda, Mehmoodabad Bakrapur, Bijuamau, Chandipur, Dharawa, Devipur, Gopalpur, Ismailganj, Jhakhra, Kantine, Khempur, Kuchlai, Kothawa, Khanta, Kasipur, Muzaffarpur, Mehmoodpur Shivra, Manva garhi, Narharpur, Para, Palhapur, Rampurkala, Ramnagar, Sahajanpur,Tikauli Til, Urd bean, Lentil, Wheat, Paddy, Mustard, Ground nut, Sugarcane, Vegetables, fruits, Dairy and Poultry Use of old seed variety, imbalance fertilization, infestation of pests, weed, nutritional deficiency, pests and disease in live stock Use of quality seed variety with balance dose of fertilizer, Control of weed & insect pest and diseases, balance ration to livestock

Priority Thrust Areas

Thrust Area
The productivity of major crops in the district is low, which is due to prevalence of old varieties, imbalance use of fertilizers and high incidence of insect and diseases. So there is a need to introduce high yielding, disease resistant varieties with balance use of fertilizers.
Popularizing bio-fertilizer and maintenance of bio-productivity through crop residue management, green manuring and use of FYM and vermi-compost.
Management technique for old orchards needs to popularize.
The district has very poor breed of cattle. It needs cross breeding programme to promote the cattle development.
Infertility in cow & buffaloes are the major problem due to imbalance feeding so promotion of balance feeding through locally available feed material is great need of the district for the growth & development of livestock.
Malnutrition is prevalent at a wide range in rural women & children so there is a need to popularize certain recipes using locally available food items and to increase their awareness about major nutritional deficiency diseases, their causes and prevention.
Capacity building of adolescent girls and women with already developed technologies and newly developed technologies and generation of income using non farming activities.